Quarterly report pursuant to Section 13 or 15(d)

Workers' Compensation Claims

v3.21.1
Workers' Compensation Claims
3 Months Ended
Mar. 31, 2021
Text Block [Abstract]  
Workers' Compensation Claims

Note 3 – Workers’ Compensation Claims

The following table summarizes the aggregate workers’ compensation reserve activity (in thousands):

 

 

Three Months Ended

 

 

March 31,

 

 

2021

 

 

2020

 

Beginning balance

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Workers' compensation claims liabilities

$

357,746

 

 

$

438,986

 

Add: claims expense accrual

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current period

 

33,270

 

 

 

38,492

 

Prior periods

 

(1,180

)

 

 

(813

)

 

 

32,090

 

 

 

37,679

 

Less: claim payments related to

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Current period

 

1,050

 

 

 

1,550

 

Prior periods

 

25,767

 

 

 

29,677

 

 

 

26,817

 

 

 

31,227

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Change in claims incurred in excess of retention limits

 

(356

)

 

 

(128

)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ending balance

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Workers' compensation claims liabilities

$

362,663

 

 

$

445,310

 

Incurred but not reported (IBNR)

$

212,297

 

 

$

282,497

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Ratio of IBNR to workers' compensation claims liabilities

 

59

%

 

 

63

%

 

The Company is a self-insured employer with respect to workers' compensation coverage for all of its employees (including employees co-employed through our client service agreements) working in Colorado, Maryland and Oregon. In the state of Washington, state law allows only the Company's staffing services and internal management employees to be covered under the Company's self-insured workers' compensation program. The Company also operates a wholly owned, fully licensed insurance company, Ecole, which provides workers’ compensation coverage to the Company’s employees working in Arizona and Utah.

For all other clients, the Company obtains policies from Chubb Limited (“Chubb”) through an arrangement known as a fronted program, which provides a licensed, admitted insurance carrier to issue policies on behalf of the Company. Chubb assumes credit risk should the Company be unable to satisfy its indemnification obligations.

Through various insurance arrangements, the Company retains risk of loss up to the first $3.0 million per occurrence, except in Maryland and Colorado, where our retention per occurrence is $1.0 million and $2.0 million, respectively.

For claims incurred prior to July 1, 2020, the Company retains risk of loss up to the first $5.0 million per occurrence, except in Maryland and Colorado, where the retention per occurrence is $1.0 million and $2.0 million, respectively.     

The fronted program with Chubb requires that collateral be advanced at the inception of the policy term. To partially satisfy these collateral requirements, the Company provided a letter of credit of $63.7 million from its principal bank, Wells Fargo Bank, National Association (the “Bank”).

In addition, the Company makes monthly collateral payments into trust accounts (the “Chubb trust accounts”) for the fronted program. The balance in the Chubb trust accounts was $295.4 million and $290.7 million at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively. The Chubb trust accounts’ balances are included as a component of the current and long-term restricted cash and investments in the Company’s condensed consolidated balance sheets.

The states of California, Maryland, Oregon, Washington, Colorado and Delaware required us to maintain collateral totaling $65.2 million and $60.1 million at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, to cover potential workers’ compensation claims losses related to the Company’s current and former status as a self-insured employer. At March 31, 2021, the Company provided surety bonds and standby letters of credit totaling $65.2 million, including a California requirement of $39.2 million.

On June 29, 2020, the Company entered into a loss portfolio transfer agreement to remove all outstanding workers’ compensation claims obligations for claims incurred under its fronted insurance program between February 1, 2014 and December 31, 2017. This transaction reduced the Company’s outstanding workers’ compensation liabilities and Chubb trust account balances by $115.7 million.

The Company provided a total of $362.7 million and $357.7 million at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, as an estimated future liability for unsettled workers' compensation claims liabilities. Of this amount, $2.5 million and $2.9 million at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, represent case reserves incurred in excess of the Company’s retention. The accrual for costs incurred in excess of retention limits is offset by a receivable from insurance carriers of $2.5 million and $2.9 million at March 31, 2021 and December 31, 2020, respectively, included in other assets in the condensed consolidated balance sheets.